Alaina Roberts

Roberts’ early accomplishments lay the foundation for a career full of potential

“I think there’s a reasonable possibility that she will be a leading scholar in her field, if you want to look 10 to 15 years down the line. I think that would mean that she would have earned a reputation as a very original and thought-provoking scholar who looks at the problem of race in American history and in general,” said John Bodnar, IU Bloomington distinguished and chancellor’s professor of history.

 “I envision her having developed her dissertation into a successful book that a lot of people pay attention to. I can see her developing some working relationships with museums and other interpretive sites to try to develop a more inclusive version of U.S. history,” said former IU Bloomington professor Christina Snyder, now the McCabe Greer professor of history at Penn State University.

 “My expectation is by the time she finishes her post-doc, she’ll at least have a contract to publish her first book, I think it’s going to make a big splash. I’m a historian of the 19th century—I’m not a specialist in Native American history or in African American history—but from my perspective, what she does is completely recast Reconstruction and what that might mean,” said Wendy Gamber, IU Bloomington Byrnes professor of history.

 The praise the aforementioned trio of renowned scholars is dispensing would be remarkable even if they were discussing the work of one of their peers. But to have so much faith in the scholarship of one of their recent doctoral students gives weight to the idea that Alaina Roberts is poised to be a major name in her field.

 Roberts, who recently received her Ph.D. from IU Bloomington’s department of history, wrote her dissertation on African Americans in Oklahoma who were enslaved by the Chickasaw Indians, which is certainly unique subject matter on its own. But add in the fact that Roberts’ own family descends from the people she was studying, and it’s easy to see why her research is so intriguing.

 “I started doing research on my father’s family as an undergrad at UC Santa Barbara. They’re African American, they are white, and they are also Chickasaw Indian. And they were also not slaves of white people; they were slaves of Chickasaw Indians. I found out that there had not really been much research done on that at all and so, I wanted to tell the story of my ancestors and other people like them,” explained Roberts, who will be embarking on a post-doctoral fellowship at Penn State this fall.

“I think, like a lot of African American families, we had an inkling that we had other ancestry. But it was most interesting to them that it came from them being owned by Native Americans, because there’s this kind of romanticized version of history, in which African Americans and Native Americans come together to work against white people. But for us, it was the opposite. It was Native Americans also being involved in enslavement. So it was kind of disappointing for them, but I was able to show them the nuances of these relationships.”

 Again, there’s no denying that her research is fascinating. But what makes her academic work even more impressive is that Roberts earned her doctorate at only 26 years of age, making her the youngest African American woman on record—to the best of IU’s research capabilities—to receive a Ph.D. from IU’s history department.

She was really driven, and that’s what always struck me. She was very focused. She was very good at setting goals for herself and achieving those goals, and I think that is one thing that is so important as a scholar. 

Christina Snyder, former IU Bloomington professor, current McCabe Greer professor of history at Penn State University

“It means a lot that I had the backing and support of my parents and my family, as well as the mentors that I had as an undergrad and at IU, because coming across the country just to do research, it was a scary experience,” said Roberts, who hails from Northern California. “Also, Indiana is obviously less diverse than California, so that was a big change for me. I had a lot of hard times—times when I thought I wouldn’t make it through the program, times when I wanted to quit. I wondered if I was smart enough to finish.

 “Doing it at such a young age, I’m proud of myself because I had a goal and I stuck to it, and I was able to finish this part of my life. I feel like I have so many opportunities to do so many other things in my life because I have a Ph.D.”

 While in Bloomington, Roberts was obviously focused on her studies, but still found time to be otherwise involved on campus. For example, she facilitated a film screening of “American Red and Black: Stories of Afro-Native Identity,” bringing in University of Massachusetts Amherst scholar Barbara Krauthamer for a discussion beforehand. The well-attended event, held at the IU Cinema in the spring 2016 semester, was supported by: IU’s Office of the Vice President for Diversity, Equity, and Multicultural Affairs (OVPDEMA); the First Nations Educational and Cultural Center, an OVPDEMA program; and IU Bloomington’s history and anthropology departments.

“IU has workshops that accompany your own coursework, so when I was learning about Native American history and African American history, I could also take classes at the library on how to do archival research, how to use your summers well in order to do research and to write, and the history department has begun doing workshops on how to find jobs and how to apply for different grants,” she said. “I’m hoping to get a book contract, so to work on revisions that my dissertation committee at IU has recommended, as well as whatever my book publisher wants me to work on. I also hope to publish an article with a journal while I’m at Penn State.”

 Though Roberts may prefer to concentrate on her work and let the results do the talking, her former professors still marvel at both her accomplishment and bright future.

I see her sense of originality and her interest in sort of complicating or understanding race relations and ethnic relations in America as the ingredients that would allow her to make a scholarly mark and be a well-respected historian and scholar down the road.

John Bodnar, IU Bloomington distinguished and chancellor’s professor of history